What is Autism, what are its harms, and how can it be prevented?

Autism is defined as a disorder related to the neurodevelopmental process of the brain, which affects the way the affected person communicates with others and his ability to perceive normally, which would lead to several problems in the process of interaction and social integration, and the emergence of a group of symptoms and various behavioral problems.

Symptoms of autism often begin during the first year of a child’s life, and symptoms develop more clearly when he reaches the age of 18-24 months. A child with autism may suffer from social problems, whether at school or later at work, due to the difficulty of integrating with the surrounding community, which negatively affects his performance. However, it should be noted that symptoms vary greatly between people with autism, as some children and adults with autism are able to perform daily tasks and activities easily, and in return, others need significant support to perform basic daily tasks, and many studies have indicated that autism can affect Both male and female.
However, statistics indicate that the incidence of infection in males is higher than in females.

Although the exact causes of autism are still unknown, there is a lot of research that has indicated the role of genes that work with some environmental factors and lead in some way to infection, in addition to some risk factors that increase the chances of developing autism, such as the presence of An infected sibling, certain genetic conditions, or low birth weight.

It is worth noting that so far, definitive and effective treatment for autism cases has not been reached, but it is possible to follow a treatment plan that helps the affected child to challenge and overcome symptoms and reach full capabilities and capabilities, and it should be noted the importance of following appropriate treatment plans as each case has a plan Treatment differs from others depending on several factors, the most important of which are the child’s age, diagnosis, individual factors, medical problems, and health conditions.

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